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GREEN ECONOMY FOR FUTURE

E. Mambetkaziev, KAFU president, member of the Academy of Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, took part in the “Green Economy – Future of Humanity” conference, which was hold in Ust-Kamenogorsk, May 24.

Two Nobel Prize winners: Svyatoslav Timashev (the Russian Federation) and Kurt Wüthrich (the UK), participated in the conference.  Round table was organized in the “Altay” technological park, with such prominent scientists as: Klaus Tissen,  Giuseppe Eramo, Lali Berdzeneshvili, Alexey Kavokin, Saltanat Rakhimbekova, Kulyash Shamshedieva being present.  Huge interest to the conference was shown by business and political representatives from Finland, the Republic of South Africa, and the Russian Federation.

  Guests were shown the “OSKEMEN EXPO-2014” scientific technological exhibition that demonstrates potential of East Kazakhstan in alternative energy sources and resource-saving.

 - Our exhibition and conference are the logical continuation of the 7th economy forum in Astana, - noticed Berdybek Saparbaev, the head of the region, in the beginning of the panel session. – The preliminary exhibition to “EXPO-2017” in the regional level holds in Kazakhstan for the first time.

Regional economy increase will only provoke growth of electric power consumption, said the akim, talking about some aspects of “green” economy. Akim emphasized that the energy of water, wind, heat and sun would become the main sources in future. Conference participants were able to see the real products and projects, dedicated to this very issue. East Kazakhstan Region produces 25% of innovative projects in Kazakhstan.

- In the context of “Kazakhstan 2050”program, we have great tasks – says Erlan Nysanbaev, vice-minister for environment protection and water resources. – At first, it is the shift for using eco-fuel, creation of infrastructure and electric vehicles.  During preparation for “EXPO-2014” we will learn about world experience in energy of future designing and implementation. We have set an ambitious aim, i.e. to bring alternative energy sources up to 50% till 2050.

Speeches of Nobel Prize winners Kurt Wüthrich and Svyatoslav Timashev, head of the “Reliability and Resource of Big Car Systems” scientific research center of Ural department of Russian Academy of Science, caused conference participants great interest. Klaus Tissen, prominent German scientist, Giuseppe Eramo, head of Mediterranean Institute of Fundamental Physics (Italy), Lali Berdzeneshvili, president of International Educational Association (Georgia), Takasha Kamen, president of  the “Kioto Neytronics” company (Japan), Sergey Plotnikov, senator (Kazakhstan), Saltanat Rakhimbekova, chairman of the “G-Global” coalition for “green” economy, shared their ideas, concerning development of “green” economy. 

After the conference there was a meeting with Nobel Prize winners Kurt Wüthrich and Svyatoslav Timashev, scientists Klaus Tissen, Giuseppe Eramo, AlexeyKavokin, and professors, and university students from Ust-Kamenogorsk. The meeting was moderated by Berdybek Saparbaev, who put special emphasis on the importance of this event. 

In the course of the meeting, E. Mambetkaziev, KAFU President, member of the academy of science, stated his opinion about issues, connected with education and science that used to be united at the time of the USSR. He also displayed interest in situation, concerning the position of these issues in the Russian Federation.

- I can`t say anything about current educational system in Kazakhstan, as I haven`t been here for 20 years, - says Svyatoslav Timashev in response. – At the time of the USSR, there was no crucial difference in teaching future scientists. Examination of dissertations was more precise in post-soviet republics, but first-class scientists have been everywhere. Before Russian Academy of Science was reformed, employees` salary used to be very law. Because of this very fact, young and talented people leaved science, and went to big business. But after all the reforms, we belong not only to academy, but also to Federal Agency for Scientific Organization. That made possible to increase the level of salary in three or four times. In my department young scientist can get $ 2 000, and sometimes $ 2 500 a month. But to have such salary, they are to compete for grants and win. The main problem is that our scientists` findings are not relevant for industry. Basing on what I have seen, I can conclude that in this respect Kazakhstan is ahead of Russia and Belarus.

Klaus Tissen, 87-year-old German scientist, mentioned about brain drain, and necessity of effective usage of the intellectual potential that was developed in the USSR. 

Many relevant questions were discussed in the course of the meeting.

Gabdull Mautkan

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